Virginia Jury Instructions

Office of the Commonwealth’s Attorney Index of Jury Instructions

1. Introductory Instructions –General

2. Accomplices

3. Abduction (Kidnapping)

4. Abortion

5. Arson

6. Attempts and Solicitations

7. Bad Checks

8. Burglary and Related Offenses

9. Credit Card Offenses

10. Dangerous Weapons

11. Driving While Under the Influence of Alcohol

12. Drugs

13. Embezzlement

14. Extortion and Threats

15. False Pretenses

16. False Representations to Obtain Property

17. Family Offenses and Crimes Against Children

18. Forgery

19. Habitual Offender – Motor Vehicle

20. Hit and Run

21. Homicide

22. Interference with Justice

23. Larceny and Related Offenses (Including Concealment of Merchandise)

24. Malicious Wounding

25. Mob and Gang-Related Crimes

26. Obscenity

27. Rape

28. Reckless Driving and Speeding

29. Robbery and Carjacking

30. Sexual Offenses

31. Trespass

32. Welfare Fraud

33. Defenses – General

34. Defenses – DiminishedResponsibility

35. Punishment

1 Introductory Instructions – General

1.1 Reasonable Doubt and Presumption of Innocence

1.2 Failure to Defendant to Testify

1.3 Character of Defendant

1.4 Previous Conviction is an Element

1.5 Prior Offense Evidence

1.6 Flight from Scene or Use of False Name to AvoidProsecution, Detection, Apprehension or Arrest

1.7 Indictment by Grand Jury

1.8 Rejected and Stricken Matter

1.9 Exhibits

1.10 Circumstantial Evidence

1.11 Credibility of Witnesses

1.12 Prior Conviction of Felony or Crime Involving MoralTurpitude

1.13 Statement of the Defendant

1.14 Prior Inconsistent Statement of Witness

1.15 Prior Inconsistent Statement of Defendant

1.16 Inference of Intention

1.17 Duty of Jury in Fixing Punishment

1.18 Parole

1.19 Parole – Age

1.20 Possible Verdicts

1.21 Form Findings – Felony and Misdemeanor

1.22 Form Findings – Felony and Misdemeanor (Punishment)

1.23 Verdict – “Allen Charge”

2. Accomplices

2.1 Principal in Second Degree

2.2 Principal in Second Degree – Presence Defined

2.3 Concert of Action

2.4 Accessory Before Fact

2.5 Accessory After Fact

2.6 Accessory After Fact(Punishment)

2.7 Testimony of Accomplice

2.8 Principal in Second Degree, Accessory Before Fact – Finding

2.9 Principal in Second Degree, Accessory Before Fact – Finding (Punishment)

2.10 Misdemeanors

3. Abduction (Kidnapping)

3.1 Abduction – General

3.2 Abduction – General (Punishment)

3.3 Abduction – For Value or Immoral Purpose

3.4 Abduction – For Value or Immoral Purpose(Punishment)

3.5 Abduction – By Parent

3.6 Abduction – By Parent (Punishment)

3.7 Violation of Custody/Visitation Order

3.8 Violation of Custody/Visitation Order (Punishment)

4. Abortion

4.1 Illegal Abortion – General

4.2 Illegal Abortion – General (Punishment)

4.3 Legal Abortion – First Trimester

4.4 Legal Abortion – Second Trimester

4.5 Legal Abortion – Third Trimester

4.6 Legal Abortion – Necessary to Save Woman’s Life

4.7 Lawful Abortion – Consent

4.8 Abortion – Encouraging or Promoting

5. Arson

5.1 Fire Presumed Accidental

5.2 Burning Dwelling

5.3 Burning Dwelling – Occupied (Punishment)

5.4 Burning Dwelling – Unoccupied (Punishment)

5.5 Definition – Dwelling House

5.6 BurningStructure or Building Other Than Dwelling – Occupied

5.7 BurningStructure or Building Other Than Dwelling – Occupied (Punishment)

5.8 BurningStructure or Building Other Than Dwelling – Unoccupied (Punishment)

5.9 BurningStructure or Building Other Than Dwelling – Unoccupied

5.10 BurningStructure or Building Other Than Dwelling – Unoccupied (Punishment)

5.11 BurningRealty With Malice or Intent to Defraud – PersonTherein

5.12 BurningRealty With Malice or Intent to Defraud – PersonTherein (Punishment)

5.13 BurningRealty With Malice or Intent to Defraud – No PersonTherein (Punishment)

5.14 Burning Realty With Maliceor Intent to Defraud (Misdemeanor) (Punishment)

5.15 BurningRealty With Malice or Intent to Defraud – No PersonTherein

5.16 BurningRealty With Malice or Intent to Defraud – No PersonTherein – Felony (Punishment)

5.17 BurningRealty With Malice or Intent to Defraud – No PersonTherein – Misdemeanor (Punishment)

5.18 Burning Personal Property

5.19 Burning Personal Property – Felony (Punishment)

5.20 Burning Personal Property – Misdemeanor(Punishment)

5.21 Burning Building While There Unlawfully With Intentto Commit Felony

5.22 Burning Building While There Unlawfully With Intentto Commit Felony (Punishment)

5.23 Threatening to Bomb or Damage Buildings

5.24 Threatening to Bomb or Damage Buildings(Punishment)

5.25 Communicating False Information

5.26 Communicating False Information (Punishment)

5.27 Possession of Fire Bomb Material

5.28 Possession of Fire Bomb Material (Punishment)

5.29 Manufacturing,Transporting, Distributing, Possessing or Using Fire Bomb or Explosive Materialor Device

5.30 Manufacturing,Transporting, Distributing, Possessing or Using Fire Bomb or Explosive Materialor Device (Punishment)

6. Attempts and Solicitations

6.1 Attempt – General Elements

6.2 Attempt – General Elements (Punishment)

6.3 Attempt – Intent

6.4 Attempt – Direct Act

6.5 Attempt – Failure to Commit Crime

6.6 Attempt – Impossibility

6.7 Solicitation

6.8 Solicitation (Punishment)

7. Bad Checks

7.1 Issuing Bad Check – Felony

7.2 Issuing Bad Check – Felony (Punishment)

7.3 IssuingTwo or More Bad Checks Within Ninety (90) Day Period –Felony

7.4 IssuingTwo or More Bad Checks Within Ninety (90) Day Period –Felony (Punishment)

7.5 Issuing Bad Check – Misdemeanor

7.6 Issuing Bad Check – Misdemeanor (Punishment)

7.7 Presumption of Intent – Notice to Maker

7.8 Presumption of Intent – No Account

8. Burglary and Related Offenses

8.1 Common Law Burglary – Unarmed

8.2 Common Law Burglary – Unarmed (Punishment)

8.3 Common Law Burglary – Armed

8.4 Common Law Burglary – Armed (Punishment)

8.5 Common Law Burglary (Punishment)

8.6 StatutoryBurglary – Breaking and Entering With Intent to Commit Murder, Rape or Robbery

8.7 StatutoryBurglary – Breaking and Entering With Intent to Commit Murder, Rape or Robbery(Punishment)

8.8 StatutoryBurglary – Breaking and Entering With Intent to Commit Larceny, Assault andBattery, or Felony Other Than Murder, Rape, Robbery or Arson

8.9 StatutoryBurglary- Breaking and Entering Dwelling House WithIntent to Commit Misdemeanor Other Than Trespass or Assault and Battery(Punishment)

8.10 StatutoryBurglary – Breaking and Entering Dwelling House WithIntent to Commit Misdemeanor Other Than Trespass or Assault and Battery

8.11 StatutoryBurglary – Breaking and Entering Dwelling House With Intentto Commit Misdemeanor Other Than Trespass or Assault and Battery (Punishment)

8.12 Entering Bank While Armed With Intent to CommitLarceny

8.13 Entering Bank While Armed With Intent to CommitLarceny (Punishment)

8.14 Possession of Burglary Tools

8.15 Possession of Burglary Tools (Punishment)

8.16 Possession of Recently Stolen Goods

8.17 Inference of Intent

8.18 Definition – Breaking

8.19 Definition – Entering

8.20 Definition – Dwelling House

9. Credit Card Offenses

9.1 Credit Card Theft – General

9.2 Credit Card Theft – General (Punishment)

9.3 Credit Card Forgery

9.4 Credit Card Forgery (Punishment)

9.5 Credit Card Fraud – Intent to Use, Sell or Transfer

9.6 Credit Card Fraud – Intent to Use, Sell or Transfer– Felony (Punishment)

9.7 Credit Card Fraud – Intent to Use, Sell or Transfer– Misdemeanor (Punishment)

9.8 Credit Card Fraud – Expired or Revoked Card orNumber

9.9 Credit Card Fraud – Expired or Revoked Card orNumber – Felony (Punishment)

9.10 Credit Card Fraud – Expired or Revoked Card ofNumber – Misdemeanor (Punishment)

9.11 Credit Card Fraud – False Representation

9.12 Credit Card Fraud – False Representation – Felony(Punishment)

9.13 Credit Card Fraud – False Representation –Misdemeanor (Punishment)

9.14 Credit Card Fraud – Obtaining Cash Advance

9.15 Credit Card Fraud – Obtaining Cash Advance – Felony(Punishment)

9.16 Credit Card Fraud – Obtaining Cash Advance –Misdemeanor (Punishment)

10. Dangerous Weapons

10.1 Discharging Firearms Within Occupied Building

10.2 Discharging Firearms Within Occupied Building – Malice (Punishment)

10.3 Discharging Firearms WithinOccupied Building – Without Malice (Punishment)

10.4 Shooting/Throwing at Occupied Building

10.5 Shooting/Throwing at Occupied Building – Malice(Punishment)

10.6 Shooting/Throwing at Occupied Building – WithoutMalice (Punishment)

10.7 Shooting/Throwing at Occupied Vehicle

10.8 Shooting/Throwing at Occupied Vehicle – Malice(Punishment)

10.9 Shooting/Throwing at Occupied Vehicle – WithoutMalice (Punishment)

10.10 Shooting From Vehicle

10.11 Shooting From Vehicle (Punishment)

10.12 Use of Machine Gun for Crime of Violence

10.13 Use of Machine Gun for Crime of Violence(Punishment)

10.14 Definition – Machine Gun

10.15 Use of “Sawed Off” Shotgun for Crime of Violence

10.16 Use of “Sawed Off” Shotgun for Crime of Violence(Punishment)

10.17 Definition – “Sawed-Off” Shotgun

10.18 Definition – “Sawed-Off” Rifle

10.19 Carrying Concealed Weapon

10.20 Carrying Concealed Weapon (Punishment)

10.21 Possession of Firearm While in Possession ofCertain Controlled Substances

10.22 Possession of Firearm While in Possession ofCertain Controlled Substances (Punishment)

10.23 Possession,Use or Display of Firearm in Committing or Attempting to Commit Manufacture, Sale,Distribution, Possession With Intent to Manufacture,Sell, Distribute a Schedule I or Schedule II Substance or More Than One Poundof Marijuana

10.24 Possession,Use or Display of Firearm in Committing or Attempting to Commit Manufacture,Sale, Distribution, Possession With Intent toManufacture, Sell, Distribute a Schedule I or Schedule II Substance or MoreThan One Pound of Marijuana (Punishment)

10.25 Possession of Firearm On or About the Person While in Possession of Certain Controlled Substances

10.26 Possession of Firearm On or About the Person While in Possession of Certain Controlled Substances (Punishment)

10.27 Definition of Firearm – §18.2-308.4(A), (B)

10.28 Definition of Firearm – §18.2-308.4(C)

10.29 Possession or Transportation of Firearms by Felon

10.30 Possession or Transportation of Firearms by Felon – Other Felony (Punishment)

10.31 Possession or Transportation of Firearms by Felon – Violent Felony (Punishment)

10.32 Definition of Firearm – Convicted Felon

10.33 Carrying Concealed Weapon by Felon

10.34 Carrying Concealed Weapon by Felon (Punishment)

10.35 Manufacture, Import, Sale, Transfer or Possession of Plastic Firearm

10.36 Manufacture, Import, Sale, Transfer or Possession of Plastic Firearm (Punishment)

10.37 Definition – Plastic Firearm

10.38 False Statement on Consent Form for Firearms Dealer to Obtain Criminal History Record

10.39 False Statement on Consent Form for Firearms Dealer to Obtain Criminal History Record (Punishment)

10.40 Purchasing Firearm With Intent to Provide It to Person Who is Ineligible to Acquire One from Dealer

10.41 Purchasing Firearm With Intent to Provide It to Person Who is Ineligible to Acquire One from Dealer (Punishment)

10.42 Use or Display of Firearm in Committing or Attempting to Commit Murder, Rape,Robbery, Carjacking, Burglary, Malicious Wounding, Abduction, Forcible Sodomy or Animate/Inanimate Object Sexual Penetration

10.43 Use or Display of Firearm in Committing or Attempting to Commit Murder, Rape, Robbery, Carjacking, Burglary, Malicious Wounding, Abduction, Forcible Sodomy or Animate/Inanimate Object Sexual Penetration (Punishment)

10.44 Definition of Firearm – Use of Firearm in Felony

10.45 Definition of Firearm – Used for Purposes of Intimidation

10.46 Pointing or Brandishing Firearm or Object Similar in Appearance to Firearm

10.47 Pointing or Brandishing Firearm or Object Similar in Appearance to a Firearm(Punishment)

10.48 Reckless Endangerment of Others by Throwing Objects from Places Higher Than One Story (Punishment)

10.49 Definition – Actual and Constructive Possession of Firearm

10.50 Definition – Deadly Weapon

10.51 Use or Attempted Use of Restricted Ammunition in Committing or Attempting to Commit Crime

10.52 Use or Attempted Use of Restricted Ammunition in Committing or Attempting to Commit Crime (Punishment)

11. Driving While Under the Influence of Alcohol

11.1 Driving While Under the Influence of Alcohol and/orDrugs – Including “Per Se” Offense

11.2 Driving While Under the Influence of Alcohol and/or Drugs – Including “Per Se” Offense (Punishment)

11.3 Person Under Age 21 Operating Motor Vehicle After Consuming Alcohol

11.4 Maiming – Under the Influence

11.5 Maiming – Under the Influence (Punishment)

11.6 Definition – Under Influence of Alcohol

11.7 Definition – Operating

11.8 Alcohol Concentration – 0.05 or Less

11.9 Alcohol Concentration – 0.08 or More

11.10 Alcohol Concentration – More Than 0.05 But Less Than 0.08

11.11 Drug Concentration – Not “Per Se” Offense

11.12 Alcohol Concentration – 0.08 or More “Per Se” Offense

11.13 Drug Concentration – “Per Se” Offense

11.14 Refusalto Submit to Blood or Breath Test

11.15 Evidence of Refusal to Submit to Blood or Breath Test

11.16 Consent to Blood or Breath Test

12 Drugs

12.1 Schedule I or II Controlled Substance – Manufacturing

12.2 Schedule I or II Controlled Substance – Manufacturing (Punishment)

12.3 Schedule I or II Controlled Substance – Possession Only (Punishment)

12.4 Marijuana – Manufacturing – Not for Own Use

12.5 Marijuana – Manufacturing – Not for Own Use(Punishment)

12.6 Definition – Manufacturing Marijuana

12.7 Schedule I or II Controlled Substance – Selling Giving or Distributing: No Evidence of Accommodation

12.8 ScheduleI or II Controlled Substance – Selling Giving or Distributing: No Evidence ofAccommodation (Punishment)

12.9 Marijuana– Selling Giving or Distributing: No Evidence of Accommodation

12.10 Marijuana – Selling Giving or Distributing: No Evidence of Accommodation (Punishment)

12.11 Schedule I or II Controlled Substance – Selling Giving or Distributing: Evidence ofAccommodation

12.12 ScheduleI or II Controlled Substance – Selling Giving or Distributing: Evidence ofAccommodation (Punishment)

12.13 Marijuana_ Selling Giving or Distributing: Evidence of Accommodation

12.14 Marijuana– Selling Giving or Distributing: Evidence of Accommodation (Punishment)

12.15 Definition – Profit

12.16 Money Laundering

12.17 Money Laundering (Punishment)

12.18 Definition – Financial Transaction

12.19 Money Laundering – Negotiable Instruments or Electronic Funds

12.20 Money Laundering –Negotiable Instruments or Electronic Funds (Punishment)

12.21 Schedule I or II Controlled Substance – Possession With Intent to Manufacture Sell Give or distribute: No Evidence of Accommodation

12.22 Schedule I or II Controlled Substance – Possession with Intent to Manufacture Sell Giveor Distribute: No Evidence of Accommodation (Punishment)

12.23 Marijuana – Possession WithIntent to Manufacture – Not for Own Use

12.24 Marijuana – Possession With Intent to Manufacture – Not for Own Use (Punishment)

12.25 Marijuana– Possession With Intent to Sell Give or Distribute: No Evidence of Accommodation

12.26 Marijuana– Possession With Intent to Sell Give or Distribute: No Evidence of Accommodation(Punishment)

12.27 Definition – Possession

12.28 Controlled Substance – Knowledge of Character

12.29 Intent to distribute – Factors to Be Considered in Determining

12.30 ScheduleI or II Controlled Substances – Possession With Intentto Sell Give or Distribute: Evidence ofAccommodation

12.31 ScheduleI or II Controlled Substance – Possession With Intentto Sell Give or Distribute: Evidence of Accommodation (Punishment)

12.32 Marijuana– Possession With Intent to Sell Give or Distribute:Evidence of Accommodation

12.33 Marijuana– Possession With Intent to Sell Give or Distribute:Evidence of Accommodation (Punishment)

12.34 ScheduleIII, IV or V Controlled Substance – Manufacturing Selling Giving Distributingor Possessing With Intent to Manufacture or Distribute

12.35 ScheduleIII, IV or V Controlled Substance – Manufacturing Selling Giving Distributingor Possessing With Intent to Manufacture or Distribute (Punishment)

12.36 Schedule V Controlled Substance –Manufacturing Selling Giving Distributing or Possessing With Intent toManufacture or Distribute (Punishment)

12.37 Schedule I, II, III, IV, V or VI Controlled Substance – Possession

12.38 Schedule I, II, III, IV, V or VI Controlled Substance – Possession (Punishment)

12.39 Marijuana – Possession

12.40 Schedule I, II or III Controlled Substance or Marijuana – Distribution to Persons Under Eighteen (18)

12.41 Schedule I, II or III Controlled Substance or Marijuana – Distribution to Persons under Eighteen (18) (Punishment)

12.42 Controlled Substance, Imitation Controlled Substance, or Marijuana – Manufacture,Distribution or Possession with Intent to Distribute on or Near Educational or Recreational Property

12.43 Controlled Substance, Imitation Controlled Substance, or Marijuana – Manufacture,Distribution or Possession With Intent to distribute on or Near Educational or Recreational Property (Punishment)

12.44 Drug Paraphernalia – Sale or Possession With Intent to Sell

12.45 Drug Paraphernalia – Sale or Possession With Intent to Sell (Punishment)

12.46 Drug Paraphernalia – Sale to Minor

12.47 Drug Paraphernalia – Sale to Minor (Punishment)

12.48 Drug Paraphernalia – Possession

12.49 Drug Paraphernalia – Possession (Punishment)

12.50 DrugParaphernalia – Sale to Minor of Printed Matter Advertising Instruments forAdministering Marijuana or Controlled Substances

12.51 DrugParaphernalia – Sale to Minor of Printed Matter Advertising Instruments forAdministering Marijuana or Controlled Substances (Punishment)

12.52 Imitation Controlled Substance – Manufacturing, Selling, Giving, Distributing or Possessing With Intent to Manufacture, Sell, Give or Distribute

12.53 Imitation Controlled Substance – Manufacturing, Selling, Giving, Distributing or Possessing With Intent to Manufacture, Sell, Give or Distribute (Punishment)

12.54 Anabolic Steroid – Manufacturing, Selling, Giving, Distributing, or Possessing with Intent to Manufacture Sell Give or Distribute

12.55 Anabolic Steroid – Manufacturing, Selling, Giving, Distributing, or Possessing With Intent to Manufacture Sell Give or Distribute (Punishment)

13. Embezzlement

13.1 Embezzlement

13.2 Embezzlement – Felony (Punishment)

13.3 Embezzlement – Misdemeanor (Punishment)

13.4 Definition – Converted

14 Extortionand Threats

14.1 Extortion – General

14.1 Extortion – General (Punishment)

14.2 Stalking

14.3 Stalking (Punishment)

14.4 Threats – General

14.5 Threats – General (Punishment)

14.6 Threats on School Grounds, on School Buses, or atSchool-Sponsored Events

14.7 Threats on School Grounds, on School Buses, or atSchool- Sponsored Events (Punishment)

15 FalsePretenses

15.1 Obtaining Signature by False Pretense

15.2 Obtaining Signature by False Pretense (Punishment)

15.3 Obtaining Money by False Pretense

15.4 Obtaining Money by False Pretense (Punishment)

15.5 Obtaining or Attempting to Obtain Drug While UsingFalse Name

15.6 Obtaining or Attempting to Obtain Drug While UsingFalse Name (Punishment)

15.7 Definition – Promises or Statements of Intention

15.8 Unlawful Operation of Coin or Vending Machine

15.9 Identity Fraud

15.10 Identity Fraud (Punishment)

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16 FalseRepresentations to Obtain Property

16.1 False Representation

16.2 False Representation (Punishment)

17. Family Offenses and Crimes Against Children

17.1 Bigamy – Second Marriage in Virginia

17.2 Bigamy – Second Marriage in Virginia (Punishment)

17.3 Bigamy – Second Marriage OutsideVirginia

17.4 Bigamy – Second Marriage OutsideVirginia (Punishment)

17.5 Bigamy – Reasonable Belief in Death of First Spouse

17.6 Definition – Lascivious

17.7 TakingIndecent Liberties With Children – Indecent ExposureWith Lascivious Intent to Children

17.8 TakingIndecent Liberties With Children – Indecent ExposureWith Lascivious Intent to Children (Punishment)

17.9 TakingIndecent Liberties With Children – Indecent ExposureWith Lascivious Intent to Children by Person in Custodial or SupervisoryRelationship

17.10 TakingIndecent Liberties With Children – Indecent ExposureWith Lascivious Intent to Children by Person in Custodial or SupervisoryRelationship (Punishment)

17.11 Child Abuse or Neglect – Serious Injury

17.12 Child Abuse or Neglect – Serious Injury(Punishment)

17.13 Child Abuse or Neglect – No Serious Injury

17.14 Child Abuse or Neglect – No Serious Injury(Punishment)

17.15 Definition – Serious Injury

17.16 Definition – Willful

17.17 Production of Sexually Explicit Visual MaterialInvolving Children

17.18 Production of Sexually Explicit Visual Material Involving Children (Punishment)

17.19 Use of Computer for Solicitation of Minor

17.20 Use of Computer for Solicitation of Minor(Punishment)

17.21 Contributing to Delinquency of Minor

17.22 Contributing to Delinquency of Minor (Punishment)

18. Forgery

18.1 Forgery – General

18.2 Forgery – General (Punishment)

18.3 Falsely Obtaining Signature

18.4 Falsely Obtaining Signature (Punishment)

18.5 Uttering

18.6 Uttering (Punishment)

18.7 Possession of Forged Writing

18.8 Presumption of Authority to Make Writing forAnother

18.9 Forging Public Record

18.10 Forging Public Record (Punishment)

18.11 Forgery Equipment

18.12 Forgery Equipment (Punishment)

19 Habitual Offender – Motor Vehicle

19.1 Habitual Offender – Combined Instruction

19.2 Habitual Offender – Felony (Punishment)

19.3 Habitual Offender – Misdemeanor (Punishment)

19.4 Habitual Offender – Misdemeanor

19.5 Intoxication Alone is Insufficient

20 Hitand Run

20.1 Hit and Run – Death or Personal Injury

20.2 Hit and Run – Death or Personal Injury (Punishment)

21 Homicide

21.1 Capital Murder

21.2 Capital Murder – Bifurcated Penalty Trial – MentalRetardation (Punishment)

21.3 Definition – Mentally Retarded (Punishment)

21.4 Capital Murder – Bifurcated Penalty Trial – TwoAggravators (Punishment)

21.5 Capital Murder – Bifurcated Penalty Trial – OneAggravator (Punishment)

21.6 Capital Murder – Ineligibility for Parole (Punishment)

21.7 Capital Murder – Bifurcated Penalty Trial –Mitigation (Punishment)

21.8 Capital Murder – Form Finding A

21.9 Capital Murder – Form Finding B

21.10 Capital Murder – Form Finding C

21.11 Capital Murder – Form Finding D

21.12 Capital Murder – Form Finding E

21.13 Capital Murder – Form Finding F

21.14 Capital Murder – Form Finding G

21.15 Capital Murder – Form Finding H

21.16 Capital Murder – Form Finding I

21.17 First Degree Murder (Punishment)

21.18 First Degree Murder

21.19 First Degree Felony Murder

21.20 First Degree Murder (Punishment)

21.21 In theCommission of Abduction

21.22 Definition – Malice

21.23 Malice – Murder and Manslaughter Distinguished

21.24 Malice – Inference FromUse of Deadly Weapon

21.25 style=’mso-spacerun:yes’> Willful, Deliberate and Premeditated

21.26 Presumption of Second Degree Murder

21.27 Second Degree Murder

21.28 Second Degree Murder (Punishment)

21.29 Second Degree Felony Homicide

21.30 Second Degree Felony Homicide (Punishment)

21.31 Motive

21.32 Voluntary Manslaughter

21.33 Voluntary Manslaughter (Punishment)

21.34 Words as Provocation

21.35 Involuntary Manslaughter – General

21.36 Involuntary Manslaughter – General (Punishment)

21.37 Definition – Criminal Negligence

21.38 Involuntary Manslaughter, Motor Vehicle – Under theInfluence

21.39 Involuntary Manslaughter, Motor Vehicle – Under theInfluence (Punishment)

21.40 Aggravated Involuntary Manslaughter, Motor Vehicle– Under the Influence

21.41 Aggravated Involuntary Manslaughter, Motor Vehicle – Under theInfluence (Punishment)

21.42 Lesser Included Offenses

21.43 Lesser Included Offenses – First Degree Murder(Punishment)

21.44 Lesser Included Offenses – Second Degree Murder(Punishment)

21.45 Lesser Included Offenses – Voluntary Manslaughter(Punishment)

21.46 Doubt as to Grade of Offense

21.47 Self-Defense – Defendant WithoutFault

21.48 Self Defense – Defendant WithFault – Retreat to Wall

21.49 Accidental Killing

21.50 Transferred Intent – General

21.51 Transferred Intent – Self Defense

21.52 Intent – Intoxication Defense

22 Interference with Justice

22.1 Obstructing Law Enforcement Officer

22.2 Obstructing Law Enforcement Officer (Punishment)

22.3 Definition – Arrest

22.4 Definition – Lawful Discharge of Duty in MakingArrest

22.5 Obstructing Administration of Justice

22.6 Obstructing Administration of Justice (Punishment)

22.7 Giving False Reports to Police Officers

22.8 Giving False Reports to Police Officers(Punishment)

22.9 Influencing Juror – Embracery

22.10 Influencing Juror – Embracery(Punishment)

22.11 Failure to Appear (Punishment)

22.12 Obstruction – Resisting Execution of Legal Process

22.13 Obstruction – Resisting Execution of Legal Process(Punishment)

22.14 Sex Offender – False Information – Failure toRegister

22.15 Sex Offender – False Information – Failure toRegister (Punishment)

<aname=”_Larceny_and_Related_Offenses_(Inclu”>

23. Larceny and Related Offenses (Including Concealment of Merchandise)

23.1 Grand Larceny – General

23.2 Grand Larceny – General (Punishment)

23.3 Petit Larceny – Misdemeanor (Punishment)

23.4 Grand Larceny – From Person

23.5 Petit Larceny – From Person – Felony (Punishment)

23.6 Petit Larceny – From Person – Misdemeanor (Punishment)

23.7 Petit Larceny – General

23.8 Petit Larceny – General (Punishment)

23.9 Petit Larceny – Second Offense

23.10 Petit Larceny – Second Offense (Punishment)

23.11 Petit Larceny (Punishment)

23.12 Petit Larceny – Third or Subsequent Offense

23.13 Petit Larceny – Third or Subsequent Offense(Punishment)

23.14 Petit Larceny – Second Offense (Punishment)

23.15 Petit Larceny (Punishment)

23.16 Larceny – Possession Inference

23.17 Grand Larceny – Receiving Stolen Goods

23.18 Grand Larceny – Receiving Stolen Goods (Punishment)

23.19 Receiving Stolen Goods – Misdemeanor (Punishment)

23.20 Receiving Stolen Goods – Supplemental Instructions

23.21 Unauthorized Use – Felony

23.22 Unauthorized Use – Felony (Punishment)

23.23 Unauthorized Use – Misdemeanor (Punishment)

23.24 Unauthorized Use – Previous Consent

23.25 Larceny of Certain Animals and Poultry

23.26 Larceny of Certain Animals and Poultry (Punishment)

23.27 Larceny by False Pretenses

23.28 Larceny by False Pretenses – Felony (Punishment)

23.29 Larceny by False Pretenses – Misdemeanor(Punishment)

23.30 Grand Larceny – Concealment of Merchandise

23.31 Grand Larceny – Concealment of Merchandise(Punishment)

23.32 Petit Larceny – Concealment of Merchandise

23.33 Petit Larceny – Concealment of Merchandise(Punishment)

23.34 Willful Concealment – Prima Facie Evidence

23.35 Tampering with Metering Device

23.36 Tampering with Metering Device (Punishment)

24. Malicious Wounding

24.1 Malicious Wounding – Aggravated

24.2 Malicious Wounding – Aggravated (Punishment)

24.3 Malicious Wounding and Lesser Included Offenses –Combined Instruction

24.4 Malicious Wounding and Lesser Included Offenses –Malicious Wounding (Punishment)

24.5 Malicious Wounding and Lesser Included Offenses –Unlawful Wounding (Punishment)

24.6 Malicious Wounding and Lesser Included Offenses –Assault and Battery (Punishment)

24.7 Definition – Malice

24.8 Definition – Battery

24.9 Assaultand Battery of Law-Enforcement Officer, Correctional Officer, or Firefighter

24.10 Assaultand Battery of Law-Enforcement Officer, Correctional Officer or Firefighter(Punishment)

24.11 Assaultand Battery of Law-Enforcement Officer, Correctional Officer or Firefighter –Lesser Included Offenses (Punishment)

24.12 Definition – Assault

24.13 Assault – Effect of Words

24.14 Assault – Effect of Words

24.15 Assaultand Battery Against a Family or Household Member –Third or Subsequent Offense

24.16 Assaultand Battery Against a Family or Household Member –Third or Subsequent Offense (Punishment)

24.17 Assaultand Battery Against a Family or Household Member –Third or Subsequent Offense – Lesser Included Offenses (Punishment)

24.18 Doubt as to Grade of Offense

25 Mob and Gang-Related Crimes

25.1 Wounding With Intent to Maim by Mob

25.2 Wounding with Intent to Maim by Mob (Punishment)

25.3 Murder by Mob

25.4 Murder by Mob (Punishment)

25.5 Definition – Mob

25.6 Participating in Criminal Act as Member of or Participant in a Criminal Street Gang

25.7 Participating in CriminalAct as Member of or Participant in a Criminal Street Gang (Punishment)

25.8 Adult Participating in Criminal Act – Gang IncludesJuvenile

25.9 Adult Participating in Criminal Act – Gang IncludesJuvenile (Punishment)

25.10 Recruitment of Juveniles for Criminal Street Gang

25.11 Recruitment of Juveniles for Criminal Street Gang(Punishment)

25.12 Definition – Criminal Street Gang

25.13 Definition – Pattern of Criminal Gang Activity

26. Obscenity

26.1 Definition – Obscene

26.2 Possession of Obscene Item WithIntent to Sell

26.3 Possession of Obscene Item WithIntent to Sell (Punishment)

26.4 Presentation of Obscene Motion Picture

26.5 Presentation of Obscene Motion Picture (Punishment)

26.6 Indecent Exposure

26.7 Indecent Exposure (Punishment)

27. Rape

27.1 Rape – General

27.2 Rape – General (Punishment)

27.3 Rape – Spouse

27.4 Rape – Spouse (Punishment)

27.5 Rape – Child Under Thirteen (13)

27.6 Rape – Child Under Thirteen (13) (Punishment)

27.7 Carnal Knowledge of Inmate

27.8 Carnal Knowledge of Inmate (Punishment)

27.9 Carnal Knowledge of Parolee, Probationer, orPretrial or class=SpellE>Posttrial Offender

27.10 Carnal Knowledge of Parolee, Probationer, orPretrial or Posttrial offender (Punishment)

27.11 Carnal Knowledge of Child by an Adult

27.12 Carnal Knowledge of a Child (Punishment)

27.13 Carnal Knowledge Rape – Both Parties Minors

27.14 Carnal Knowledge Rape – Both Parties Minors(Punishment)

27.15 Rape – Complaining Witness Mentally Incapacitatedor Physically Helpless

27.16 Rape – Complaining Witness Mentally Incapacitatedor Physically Helpless (Punishment)

27.17 Definition – Mentally Incapacitated

27.18 Definition – Physically Helpless

27.19 Attempted Rape

27.20 Attempted Rape (Punishment)

27.21 Definition – Sexual Intercourse

27.22 Element of Force, Threat or Intimidation

27.23 Physical Resistance not Required

27.24 Defense of Consent

27.25 Defense of Consent – Evidence of Previous Acts ofSexual Intercourse

27.26 Age Element

27.27 Force and Effect of Deposition

28 RecklessDriving and Speeding

28.1 Reckless Driving

28.2 Reckless Driving (Punishment)

28.3 Reckless Driving – On Suspended or Revoked License– Causing Death of Another

28.4 Reckless Driving – On Suspended or Revoked License – Causing Death of Another(Punishment)

28.5 Speeding – Calibration

28.6 Speeding – Radar

29. Robbery and Carjacking

29.1 Robbery – General

29.2 Robbery – General (Punishment)

29.3 Carjacking

29.4 Carjacking (Punishment)

30 SexualOffenses

30.1 Fornication – General

30.2 Adultery – General

30.3 Lewd and Lascivious Cohabitation

30.4 Sodomy – General

30.5 Sodomy – General (Punishment)

30.6 Sodomy – By Force

30.7 Sodomy – By Force (Punishment)

30.8 Sodomy – By Force – Spouse

30.9 Sodomy – By Force – Spouse (Punishment)

30.10 Sodomy – By Force – Child Under Thirteen (13)

30.11 Sodomy – By Force – Child Under Thirteen (13)(Punishment)

30.12 Sodomy – Penetration

30.13 Sodomy by Cunnilingus – Penetration

30.14 Animate/Inanimate Object Sexual Penetration

30.15 Animate/Inanimate Object Sexual Penetration(Punishment)

30.16 Animate/Inanimate Object Sexual Penetration –Spouse

30.17 Animate/Inanimate Object Sexual Penetration –Spouse (Punishment)

30.18 Sexual Battery – Aggravated

30.19 Sexual Battery – Aggravated (Punishment)

30.20 Sexual Battery

30.21 Sexual Battery (Punishment)

30.22 Sexual Assault – Spouse

30.23 Sexual Assault – Spouse (Punishment)

30.24 Sexual Battery of Inmate

30.25 Sexual Battery of Inmate (Punishment)

30.26 Sexual Battery of Parolee, Probationer, or Pretrialor Posttrial Offender

30.27 Sexual Battery of Parolee, Probationer, or PretrialOr Posttrial Offender (Punishment)

30.28 Definition – Sexual Abuse

30.29 Definition – Intimate Parts

30.30 Definition – Threat of Force

30.31 Definition – Intimidation

30.32 Consent

30.33 Prostitution – General

30.34 Prostitution – General (Punishment)

30.35 Prostitution – Attempt

30.36 Prostitution – Attempt (Punishment)

30.37 Bawdy Place – Keeping or Visiting

30.38 Bawdy Place – Keeping or Visiting (Punishment)

30.39 Definition – Bawdy Place

30.40 Definition – Keeping

31 Trespass

31.1 Trespass After Having Been Forbidden to Do So

31.2 Trespass After Having Been Forbidden to Do So(Punishment)

31.3 Trespass in Violation of Court Order

31.4 Trespass in Violation of Court Order (Punishment)

31.5 Trespass on Posted Property

31.6 Trespass on Posted Property (Punishment)

31.7 Entrance Onto Property toDamage It or Its Contents

31.8 Entrance onto Property to Damage It or Its Contents(Punishment)

31.9 Peeping Into Structure Occupied as Dwelling

31.10 Peeping Into Structure Occupied as Dwelling Punishment)

31.11 Peeping – Circumstances of Privacy

31.12 Peeping – Circumstances of Privacy (Punishment)

31.13 Common Law Trespass to Realty

31.14 Common Law Trespass to Realty (Punishment)

31.15 Claim of Right

32. Welfare Fraud

32.1 Making False Representation to Obtain Aid

32.2 Making False Representation to Obtain Aid(Punishment)

32.3 Failure to Notify Department of Welfare of Changein Condition

32.4 Failure to Notify Department of Welfare of Changein Condition (Punishment)

33. Defenses – General

33.1 Alibi

33.2 Claim of Right

33.3 Duress

33.4 Entrapment

33.5 Self Defense – Defendant WithoutFault

33.6 Self Defense – Defendant WithFault –Retreat to Wall

33.7 Right to Arm

34 Defenses – Diminished Responsibility

34.1 Presumption of Sanity – Burden of Proof

34.2 Definition – Insanity

34.3 Definition – Irresistible Impulse

34.4 Expert Witnesses

34.5 Intoxication – Voluntary

34.6 Intoxication – Involuntary

35. Punishment

35.1 Third Conviction of Violent Felony

35.2 Class 2 Felony

35.3 Class 3 Felony

35.4 Class 4 Felony

35.5 Class 5 Felony

35.6 Class 6 Felony

35.7 Class 1 Misdemeanor